. World Drug Report, Sales No. E.12.XI.1 (UNO, 2012).
. Atakan, a complex plant: different compounds and different effects on individuals. Ther. Adv. Psychopharmacol. 2 (2012) 241–254.
. A. Beutler, A.H. Marderosian, Chemotaxonomy of Cannabis I. Crossbreeding between Cannabis sativa and C. ruderalis, with analysis of cannabinoid content. Econ. Bot. 32 (1978) 387–394.
. Di Forti, et al. High-potency cannabis and the risk of psychosis. Br. J. Psychiatry, 195 (2009) 488–491.
. Mousavi, A. Bozorgian, Investigation the Kinetics of CO2 Hydrate Formation in the Water System+ CTAB+ TBAF+ ZnO, International Journal of New Chemistry, 7 (2020) 195-219.
. J. Ellis, et al. Smoked medicinal cannabis for neuropathic pain in HIV: a randomized, crossover clinical trial. Neuropsychopharmacology, 34 (2009) 672–680.
. Russo, Cannabinoids in pain management. Study was bound to conclude that cannabinoids had limited efficacy. BMJ, 323 (2001) 1249–1250.
. B. Russo, Cannabinoids in the management of difficult to treat pain. Ther. Clin. Risk Manag. 4 (2008) 245–259.
. Raei, A. Ghadi, A. Bozorgian, Heat Integration of heat exchangers network using pinch technology, 19th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering CHISA, (2010).
. Hoffmann, G. Rathkamp, E.L. Wynder, Comparison of the yields of several selected components in the smoke from different tobacco products. J. Natl Cancer Inst. 31 (1963) 627–637.
. M. Sparacino, P. A. Hyldburg, T. Hughes, Chemical and biological analysis of marijuana smoke condensate. NIDA Res. Monogr. 99 (1990) 121–140.
. Cascini, C. Aiello,G. Di Tanna, Increasing delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta-9-THC) content in herbal cannabis over time: systematic review and meta-analysis. Curr. Drug Abuse Rev. 5, 32–40 (2012).
. Bozorgian, Investigation of the history of formation of gas hydrates, Journal of Engineering in Industrial Research, 1 (2020) 1-19.
. .E Savaki,, J. Cunha, E. A. Carlini, T. Kephalas, Pharmacological activity of three fractions obtained by smoking cannabis through a water pipe. Bull. Narc. 28 (1976) 49–56.
. Samimi, S. Zarinabadi, A. Bozorgian, Optimization of Corrosion Information in Oil and Gas Wells Using Electrochemical Experiments, International Journal of New Chemistry, 8 (2021) 149-163.
. P Tashkin, et al. Tar, CO and delta 9THC delivery from the 1st and 2nd halves of a marijuana cigarette. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav. 40 (1991) 657–661.
. B. Birrer, J. Calderon, pneumomediastinum, and pneumopericardium following Valsalva's maneuver during marijuana smoking. NY State J. Med, 84 (1984) 619–620.
. Bozorgian, Investigation of Predictive Methods of Gas Hydrate Formation in Natural Gas Transmission Pipelines, Advanced Journal of Chemistry, Section B, 2 (2020) 91-101.
. Aldington, et al. Effects of cannabis on pulmonary structure, function and symptoms. Thorax, 62 (2007) 1058–1063.
. Bagheri Sadr, A. Bozorgian, An Overview of Gas Overflow in Gaseous Hydrates, Journal of Chemical Reviews, 3 (2021) 66-82.
. W. Bloom, W. T. Kaltenborn, P. Paoletti, A. Camilli, M.D. Lebowitz, Respiratory effects of non-tobacco cigarettes. Br. Med. J., 295 (1987) 1516–1518.
. K. Cruickshank, Physical assessment of 30 chronic cannabis users and 30 matched controls. Ann. NY Acad. Sic, 282 (1976) 162–167.
. J. Hernandez, F. Martinez, H. T. Blair, W. C. Miller, Airway response to inhaled histamine in asymptomatic long-term marijuana smokers. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol, 67 (1981) 153–155.
. A. Kempker, E. G. Honig, G. S. Martin, The effects of marijuana exposure on expiratory airflow. A study of adults who participated in the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Study. Ann. Am. Thorac. Soc. 12, 135–141 (2015).
. A. Moore, E. M. Augustson, R. P. Moser, A. J. Budney, Respiratory effects of marijuana and tobacco use in a U.S. sample. J. Gen. Intern. Med, 20 (2005) 33–37.
. Mashhadizadeh, A. Bozorgian, A. Azimi, Investigation of the kinetics of formation of Clatrit-like dual hydrates TBAC in the presence of CTAB, Eurasian Chemical Communication, 2 (2020) 536-547.
. Bozorgian, Methods of Predicting Hydrates Formation, Advanced Journal of Science and Engineering, 1 (2020) 34-39.
. P. Tashkin, et al. Respiratory symptoms and lung function in habitual heavy smokers of marijuana alone, smokers of marijuana and tobacco, smokers of tobacco alone, and nonsmokers. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis, 135 (1987) 209–216.
. H. Tarighaleslami, A. Bozorgian, B. Raei, Application of the exergy analysis in the petroleum refining processes optimization, The 1st Territorial Chemistry and Industry Symposium, Lecture number: E-1097, Damghan, Iran (in Persian). 2009.
. Bozorgian, Analysis and simulating recuperator impact on the thermodynamic performance of the combined water-ammonia cycle, Progress in Chemical and Biochemical Research, 3 (2020) 169-179.
. J. Hancox, et al. Effects of cannabis on lung function: a population-based cohort study. Eur. Respir. J., 35 (2010) 42–47.
. J. Pletcher, et al. Association between marijuana exposure and pulmonary function over 20 years. JAMA, 307 (2012) 173–181.
. Raei, A. Ghadi, A. Bozorgian, Heat integration of heat exchangers network using pinch technology.(2010) 19th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, CHISA 2010 and 7th European Congress of Chemical Engineering, ECCE-7.
. Bozorgian, Investigation of Well Equipment in the Oil Industry, International Journal of Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Science, 9 (2020) 205-218.
. P. Tashkin, et al. Effects of 'crack' cocaine on pulmonary alveolar permeability. Chest, 112 (1997) 327–335.
. R. Taylor, et al. A longitudinal study of the effects of tobacco and cannabis exposure on lung function in young adults. Addiction, 97 (2002) 1055–1061.
. Bozorgian, Z. Arab Aboosadi, A. Mohammadi, B. Honarvar, A. Azimi, Statistical Analysis of the Effects of Aluminum Oxide (Al2O3) Nanoparticle, TBAC and APG on Storage Capacity of CO2 Hydrate Formation, Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, 41 (2022), 220-231.
. P. Tashkin, M. S. Simmons, D. L. Sherrill, A. H. Coulson, Heavy habitual marijuana smoking does not cause an accelerated decline in FEV1 with age. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 155 (1997) 141–148.
. P. Tashkin, et al. Bronchial effects of aerosolized delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol in healthy and asthmatic subjects. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. 115 (1977) 57–65.
. McNulty, O. S. Usmani, Techniques of assessing small airways dysfunction. Eur. Clin. Respir. J. 1, (2014) 1–17.
. Bozorgian, Exergy Analysis for Evaluation of Energy Consumptions in Hydrocarbon Plants, International Journal of New Chemistry, 8 (2021) 329-344.
. D. Roth, et al. Airway inflammation in young marijuana and tobacco smokers. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 157 (1998) 928–937.
. E. Fligiel, et al. Tracheobronchial histopathology in habitual smokers of cocaine, marijuana, and/or tobacco. Chest 112 (1997) 319–326.
. Bozorgian, P. KHadiv Parsi, M.A. Mousavian, ExperImental Study of Simultaneous Effect of Surfactant and Salt on Drop-Interface Coalescence, Nashrieh Shimi va Mohandesi Shimi Iran, 27 (2009) 59-68.
. US Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Benefits of Smoking Cessation. DHHS Publication No. (CDC) 90-8416 (US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 1990).
. P. Tashkin, The respiratory health benefits of quitting cannabis use. Eur. Respir. J. 46 (2015) 1–4.
. Bozorgian, Investigation of Hydrate Formation Phenomenon and Hydrate Inhibitors, Journal of Engineering in Industrial Research, 1 (2020) 99-110.
. Ghanavati, A. Bozorgian, Removal of Copper II from Industrial Effluent with Beta Zeolite Nanocrystals, Progress in Chemical and Biochemical Research, 5 (2022) 53-67.
. Hii, M. T. Naughton, A. Young, Marijuana lung. Int. Med. J. 36 (2006) 270–271.
. Ghanavati, A. Bozorgian, J. Ghanavati, Removal of Copper (II) Ions from the Effluent by Carbon Nanotubes Modified with Tetrahydrofuran, Chemical Review and Letters, 5 (2022) 68-75.
. R. Biehl, E. L. Burnham, Cannabis smoking in 2015: a concern for lung health, Chest, 148 (2015) 596–606.
. P. Tashkin, Increasing cannabis use: what we still need to know about its effects on the lung. Respirology, 19 (2014) 619–620.
. H. Barsky, M. D. Roth, E. C. Kleerup, Histopathologic and molecular alterations in bronchial epithelium in habitual smokers of marijuana, cocaine, and/or tobacco. J. Natl Cancer Inst. 90 (1998) 1198–1205.
. R. Zhang, et al. Cannabis smoking and lung cancer risk: pooled analysis in the International Lung Cancer Consortium. Int. J. Cancer 136 (2015) 894–903.
. Q. Sidney, C. Quesenberry, G. D. Friedman, I. S. Tekawa, I. S. Marijuana use and cancer incidence (California, United States). Cancer Causes Control 8, (1997) 722–728.
. C. Callaghan, P. Allebeck, A. Sidorchuk, Marijuana use and risk of lung cancer: a 40-year cohort study. Cancer Causes Control 24 (2013) 1811–1820.
. Aldington, et al. Cannabis use and risk of lung cancer: a case-control study. Eur. Respir. J. 31(2008)., 280–286.
. H. Lee, R. Hancox, Effects of smoking cannabis on lung function. Expert Rev. Respir. Med. 5 (2011) 537–546.
. P. Tashkin, Does marijuana pose risks for chronic airflow obstruction, Ann. Am. Thorac. Soc. 12 (2015) 235–236.
. A. Freitas, et al. Breathing exercises for adults with asthma. Cochrane Database Syst. Rev. 10 (2013) CD001277.
. Norouzi, A. Bozorgian, MA. Dehghani, Best Option of Investment in Renewable Energy: A Multicriteria Decision-Making Analysis for Iranian Energy Industry, Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, 22 (2022) 2250001.
. P. Tashkin, Does cannabis use predispose to chronic airflow obstruction, Eur. Respir. J. 35 (2010) 3–5.
. Bozorgian, S. Zarinabadi, A. Samimi, Optimization of Well Production by Designing a Core pipe in one of the Southwest oil Wells of Iran, Journal of Chemical Reviews 2 (2020), 122-129.
. Ahmadpour, A. Bozorgian, A. Eslamimanesh, AH. Mohammadi, Photocatalytic treatment of spontaneous petrochemical effluents by TiO2 CTAB synthetic nanoparticles, Desalination and Water Treatment, 249 (2022) 297-308.
. Ghazinezha, A. Bozorgian, P. Gholami, A Review of Frontal Polymerization in the Chemical Industry, International Journal of New Chemistry 9 (2022) 623-646.
. DastnaeiSaetta, et al. CD8+ T-lymphocytes in peripheral airways of smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 157 (1998) 822–826.
. Turato, et al. Airway inflammation in severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: relationship with lung function and radiologic emphysema. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 166 (2002) 105–110.
. C. Hogg, et al. The nature of small-airway obstruction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. N. Engl. J. Med. 350 (2004) 2645–2653.
. Walden, M. Earleywine, How high: quantity as a predictor of cannabis-related problems. Harm Reduct. J. 5 (2008) 7-20.
. Ghanavati, A. Bozorgian, H. Kazemi Esfeh, Thermodynamic and Kinetic Study of Adsorption of Cobalt II using adsorbent of Magnesium Oxide Nano-particles Deposited on Chitosan, Progress in Chemical and Biochemical Research, 5 (2022), 165-181.
. Norouzi, AG. Ebadi, A. Bozorgian, SJ. Hoseyni, E. Vessally, Energy and Exergy Analysis of Internal Combustion Engine Performance of Spark Ignition for Gasoline, Methane, and Hydrogen Fuels, Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, 40 (2021) 1909-1930.
. Noruzi Moghadam, A. Banaei, A. Bozorgian, Biological Adsorption For Removal of Hydrogen sulfide from Aqueous Solution by Live Eisenia foetida Worms, Advanced Journal of Chemistry, Section B: Natural Products and Medical Chemistry, 4 (2022) 144-157.
. Kanani, N. Kanani, N. Batooie, A. Bozorgian, A. Barghi, S. Rezania, Removal of Rhodamine 6G dye using one-pot Synthesis of Magnetic Manganese Graphene Oxide: Optimization by Response Surface Methodology, Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management , 19 (2022) 100709.
. Norouzi, AG. Ebadi, A. Bozorgian, SJ. Hoseyni, E. Vessally, Cogeneration system of power, cooling, and hydrogen from geothermal Energy: An Exergy approach, Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, 41 (2022) 709-724.
. Bozorgian, Z. Arab Aboosadi, A. Mohammadi, B. Honarvar, A. Azimi, Optimization of determination of CO2 gas hydrates surface tension in the presence of non-ionic surfactants and TBAC, Eurasian Chemical Communications, 2 (2020) 420-426.
. Gao, et al. ‘Bong lung’ in cystic fibrosis: a case report. J. Med. Case Rep. 4, (2010) 371.
. Bozorgian, Investigation of Hydrate Formation Kinetics and Mechanism of Effect of Inhibitors on it, a Review, Journal of Chemical Reviews, 3 (2021), 50-65.
. Shah, M. Paramlal, The importance of an illicit drug history in the evaluation of suspected spontaneous pneumothorax. BMJ Case Rep. 2011, bcr0120113693 (2011).
. Sood, N. & Sood, N. A rare case of vanishing lung syndrome. Case Rep. Pulmonol. 2011, 957463 (2011).
. Gargani, P. Bishop, P. & Denning, D. W. Too many mouldy joints—marijuana and chronic pulmonary aspergillosis. Mediterr. J. Hematol. Infect. Dis. 3, e2011005 (2011).
. Golwala, Marijuana abuse and bullous emphysema. Lung India, 29 (2012) 56–58.
. Tashtoush B., Gonzalez-Ibarra F., Memarpour R., Hadeh A. & Smolley L. Vanishing lung syndrome in a patient with HIV infection and heavy marijuana use. Case Rep. Pulmonol. 2014 285208 (2014).
. Fiorelli, et al. Does cannabis smoking predispose to lung bulla formation? Asian Cardiovasc. Thorac. Ann. 22 (2014) 65–71.
. M. Cary, C. Bragg, J. Mukherjee, Pleuritic chest pain and fluid levels on imaging in a heavy cannabis smoker. BMJ Case Rep. 2015, bcr2014208064 (2015).
. Novotny, F. Merli, D. Wiesler , Fractionation and capillary gas chromatographic—mass spectrometric characterization of the neutral components in marijuana and tobacco smoke condensates. J Chromatogr A. 1982; 238:141-50. doi: 10.1016/S0021-9673(00)82720-X
. Hoffmann, K. Brunnemann, G. Gori, Wynder EL. On the Carcinogenicity of Marijuana Smoke. In: Runeckles VC, ed. Recent Advances in Phytochemistry. Springer US; 1975:63-81.
. Wu T-C, D. Tashkin, Djahed B, Rose JE. Pulmonary hazards of smoking marijuana as compared with tobacco. N Engl J Med. 1988;318(6):347-51.
. L. Howden, M. Naughton, Pulmonary effects of marijuana inhalation. Expert Rev Respir Med.;5 (2011) 87-92.