Document Type : Research Article
Department of Chemistry, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, Nigeria
Department of Chemistry, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, Niagara.
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, Nigeria.
Department of Chemistry, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi
Department of Chemistry Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi
Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry Bayero University Kano, Nigeria
Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria.
Long-chain fatty acid monoalkyl esters are the main component of biodiesel. It is created through the transesterification of animal fats, non-edible oils, and edible oils using an acid or base catalyst and ethanol or methanol. In this study, n-hexane was used to extract the oil. A central composite design (CCD) and response surface methodology (RSM) approach were used to maximize the generation of biodiesel from seed oil. Transesterifying Jatropha seed coil with 0.30 g of catalysts and ethanol to oil molar ratio of 10.50 at 65 oC for 3.68 hrs. resulted in an optimal biodiesel yield of 98.50%. With a low percentage error (0.88%), the experimental yield and the projected yield correspond well. This demonstrates that the suggested statistical model is appropriate for forecasting the optimal biodiesel yield and for optimization of the transesterification process.